The Swedish Copyright Act grants two types of rights to an author in respect of his or her work – economic and moral rights. The rights refer to the work both in its original form and when it is available in an altered form, like a translation or adaptation.
Economic rights protect the economic interests of the copyright owner of a work and give the exclusive right to reproduce and authorize reproduction of the work, distribute copies of it, rent or lend it, make it available to the public e.g. communicate it to the public (including making it available online), perform or show it, or adapt it e.g. making a translation of it.
These rights are in other words exclusive rights, which means that only the author or his or her successor in title is authorized to carry out any of the acts covered by the rights. However, there are a number of limitations of the economic rights, which means that in some cases works may be used despite the exclusive rights.
Moral rights are personal rights which aim to protect the reputation of a creator, including the right of attribution which ensures the right to be associated with the work.
The moral rights let someone control how a creative work is used in non-economic ways.
The originator has the right to be named in conjunction with the work being used, to the extent and in the way required by good practice.
The originator has also right to respect for the work, i.e. that the work may not be altered or made available to the public in a form or connection that is damaging to the originators literary or artistic reputation or distinctive character.
Moral rights cannot be transferred, but the author can waive them and such a waiver may under certain circumstances be binding upon him or her.