Collective Management of Rights
Last updated: 01/11/2016
Collective management of rights is the foundation of Bonus Copyright Access's operation. In order to simplify the licensing process, there are provisions – extended collective licence provisions – in the Swedish Copyright Act.
Copying and sharing require a licenceAn enormous amount of photocopies and digital copies are made each year out of material that contains text, images and music. Reproduction takes place in schools and higher education institutions, businesses and government agencies and in various organizations.
Copying from books, textbooks, newspapers, magazines and other copyrighted materials require a licence from, among others, writers, playwrights, journalists, translators, artists, photographers, composers, publishers and editors.
Simplified licensingIn order to simplify the licensing process, there are provisions, (extended collective licence – ECL-provisions) in the Swedish Copyright Act, Article 42 a, Article 42 b, Article 42 c and Article 42 h that allows schools, higher education institutions, enterprises, government agencies and other organizations to negotiate contracts with representative organizations rather than with each individual author or publisher/editor.
Representative organizationsThe members of Bonus Copyright Access are all examples of organizations that are authorized to enter into agreements under the ECL-provisions. Bonus Copyright Access has been mandated from its members to manage their rights collectively. Bonus Copyright Access is not granted any rights but has only a mandate to licence its members' rights. It is thus the member organizations that are parties in the agreements and approves them.
Read more about the concept of collective management and its role in the field of reprographic copying in a publication written by Mrs. Tarja Koskinen-Olsson former Honorary President of IFRRO. The publication is jointly published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organizations (IFRRO).